Dennard scaling:

The End of Moore's Law

Tue, Mar 19, 2019 - 945 Words - 5 minutes

For about half a century we have been living in a world where the speed of computers grew at an exponential rate. This is known as Moore's law, which is actually an observation of Gordon Moore that the number of transistors in an integrated circuit doubled approximately every two years. But today, that rate has almost levelled off. And Moore's law is not the only exponential that has come to its end. The same is true for Dennard scaling. In networking we are also hitting limits. We have reached the Shannon limit in optical communication. And in network ASIC design we reached the limit of serial bandwidth I/O. The next sections explore the current challenges and the final sections describe R&D that is exploring ways to overcome these challenges.